The Federal Agency for Financial Market Stabilisation (Bundesanstalt für Finanzmarktstabilisierung – FMSA) is an institution of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is legally and operationally supervised by the Ministry of Finance.
After its foundation in 2008, in the midst of the global financial crisis, the FMSA became an important pillar of Germany’s financial market architecture. The FMSA managed not only numerous shareholdings with financial institutions on behalf of the Federal Government, but was also responsible for nationally administering the Restructuring Fund's and since 2016 the Single Resolution Fund’s bank levy. Between 2015 and 2018, the FMSA assumed the role and responsibilities of the German National Resolution Authority within the European Single Resolution Mechanism, too. Thus, in close cooperation with the Single Resolution Board, the FMSA drafted resolution plans for German banks.
Today, the FMSA solely supervises the two winding-up agencies, Erste Abwicklungsanstalt (EAA) and FMS Wertmanagement (FMS-WM) as well as Portigon AG that have been founded under its auspices in order to stabilize the financial market.